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About | Classical Genetics | Timelines | What's New | What's Hot

About | Classical Genetics | Timelines | What's New | What's Hot


The Electronic Scholarly Publishing Project: Providing world-wide, free access to classic scientific papers and other scholarly materials, since 1993.


About This Website

This website has been developed (almost) entirely using tools and systems that Robert Robbins personally developed over the years. No overall supporting content-management system (CMS), such as Wordpress, has been used.

Robbins initially was forced to use this approach because there were no CMS tools, or even HTML-specific editing tools, available when the site began. He has maintained this approach because of a desire to create a website in which information technology is used to help manufacture the website, not to help hand craft it.

On this website, we wanted to have a substantial amount of material that could be created automatically, such as annotated bibliographies developed from direct queries to PubMed or from material maintained in a separate citation-management system.

Efforts to connect these automated processes with Wordpress or other CMSs proved difficult, because the designs of those systems are optimized for the hand-crafting of websites. Their ease of use methods actually got in the way of using content that had been "manufactured" outside the CMS system.

The current ESP website now has more than 10,000 individual *.html pages that together contain well over half a million external links. Maintaining all of this through some kind of computer-assisted hand crafting was just not feasible — an IT-assisted manufacturing process was required.

ESP Quick Facts

ESP Origins

In the early 1990's, Robert Robbins was a faculty member at Johns Hopkins, where he directed the informatics core of GDB — the human gene-mapping database of the international human genome project. To share papers with colleagues around the world, he set up a small paper-sharing section on his personal web page. This small project evolved into The Electronic Scholarly Publishing Project.

ESP Support

In 1995, Robbins became the VP/IT of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, WA. Soon after arriving in Seattle, Robbins secured funding, through the ELSI component of the US Human Genome Project, to create the original ESP.ORG web site, with the formal goal of providing free, world-wide access to the literature of classical genetics.

ESP Rationale

Although the methods of molecular biology can seem almost magical to the uninitiated, the original techniques of classical genetics are readily appreciated by one and all: cross individuals that differ in some inherited trait, collect all of the progeny, score their attributes, and propose mechanisms to explain the patterns of inheritance observed.

ESP Goal

In reading the early works of classical genetics, one is drawn, almost inexorably, into ever more complex models, until molecular explanations begin to seem both necessary and natural. At that point, the tools for understanding genome research are at hand. Assisting readers reach this point was the original goal of The Electronic Scholarly Publishing Project.

ESP Usage

Usage of the site grew rapidly and has remained high. Faculty began to use the site for their assigned readings. Other on-line publishers, ranging from The New York Times to Nature referenced ESP materials in their own publications. Nobel laureates (e.g., Joshua Lederberg) regularly used the site and even wrote to suggest changes and improvements.

ESP Content

When the site began, no journals were making their early content available in digital format. As a result, ESP was obliged to digitize classic literature before it could be made available. For many important papers — such as Mendel's original paper or the first genetic map — ESP had to produce entirely new typeset versions of the works, if they were to be available in a high-quality format.

ESP Help

Early support from the DOE component of the Human Genome Project was critically important for getting the ESP project on a firm foundation. Since that funding ended (nearly 20 years ago), the project has been operated as a purely volunteer effort. Anyone wishing to assist in these efforts should send an email to Robbins.

ESP Plans

With the development of methods for adding typeset side notes to PDF files, the ESP project now plans to add annotated versions of some classical papers to its holdings. We also plan to add new reference and pedagogical material. We have already started providing regularly updated, comprehensive bibliographies to the ESP.ORG site.

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Good Beginner's Books

These are very good "learn by doing" books. The writing is clear, the examples sensible, and the exercises worthwhile. At first glance, the author's approach can seem a little simplistic, but what he is trying to do (and succeeds in doing) is entraining the kind of "muscle memory" that is needed to get you to type the right code to implement your goals. Highly recommended. R. Robbins

Electronic Scholarly Publishing
961 Red Tail Lane
Bellingham, WA 98226

E-mail: RJR8222 @

ESP Picks from Around the Web (updated 07 JUL 2018 )